36. يس (YaSeen)   
  Seq verse number        
  Seq I/U-initialed verse number         
      Seq revealed verses (overall)      19th initialed sura, 5th initialed revealed, 41st revealed, overall  
      Seq revealed verses (I/U Suras)         
   Sequential verse with word God      http://journal_of_submission.homestead.com/files/036.mp3  
       (*) Frequency of the word "God"         
   Seq revealed verse with word God      بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ  
       (*) Frequency of the word "God"          
       Seq prime/comp numbered verses      In the name of God, the All Gracious, the All Merciful  
  3704 2064 1063 392 36:1     YaSeen.  
        وَالْقُرْآنِ الْحَكِيمِ  
  3705 2065 1064 393 929 36:2      By the Quran, full of wisdom,-  
        إِنَّكَ لَمِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ  
  3706 2066 1065 394 930 36:3      -most assuredly you are one of the messengers,-  
        عَلَى صِرَطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ  
  3707 2067 1066 395 36:4      -on a straight path.  
        تَنْزِيلَ الْعَزِيزِ الرَّحِيمِ  
  3708 2068 1067 396 931 36:5      A revelation from The Almighty, The All Merciful-                                                       
        لِتُنْذِرَ قَوْمًا مَا أُنْذِرَ آبَاؤُهُمْ فَهُمْ غفِلُونَ  
  3709 2069 1068 397 36:6     -to warn a people whose parents were never warned, therefore they are totally heedless.  
        لَقَدْ حَقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلَى أَكْثَرِهِمْ فَهُمْ لا يُؤْمِنُونَ  
  3710 2070 1069 398 932 36:7     It is a truthful assertion that most of them will never attain faith.  
        إِنَّا جَعَلْنَا فِي أَعْنَقِهِمْ أَغْللا فَهِيَ إِلَى الأذْقَانِ فَهُمْ مُقْمَحُونَ  
  3711 2071 1070 399 36:8     We will surely place shackles around their necks up to their chins and their heads will be locked in place.     
        وَجَعَلْنَا مِنْ بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ سَدًّا وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ سَدًّا فَأَغْشَيْنَهُمْ فَهُمْ لا يُبْصِرُونَ  
  3712 2072 1071 400 36:9     And We place a barrier in front of them and a barrier behind them, We then completely cover them and they will not be able to see.  
        وَسَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَأَنْذَرْتَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تُنْذِرْهُمْ لا يُؤْمِنُونَ   
  3713 2073 1072 401 36:10     And it is the same if you warn them or do not warn them; they will never attain faith.  
        إِنَّمَا تُنْذِرُ مَنِ اتَّبَعَ الذِّكْرَ وَخَشِيَ الرَّحْمَنَ بِالْغَيْبِ فَبَشِّرْهُ بِمَغْفِرَةٍ وَأَجْرٍ كَرِيمٍ  
  3714 2074 1073 402 933 36:11     Warning is only heeded by the one who follows the reminder and fears the All Gracious in his privacy, therefore give him the good news of forgiveness and a generous recompense.     
        إِنَّا نَحْنُ نُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى وَنَكْتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُوا وَآثَرَهُمْ وَكُلَّ شَيْءٍ أحْصَيْنَهُ فِي إِمَامٍ مُبِينٍ  
  3715 2075 1074 403 36:12     We certainly resurrect the dead and record their past deeds as well as their legacy, and we have counted everything in a profound record.     
        وَاضْرِبْ لَهُمْ مَثَلا أَصْحَبَ الْقَرْيَةِ إِذْ جَاءَهَا الْمُرْسَلُونَ  
  3716 2076 1075 404 934 36:13     And cite for them the example of the community who received messengers.   
        إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَيْهِمُ اثْنَيْنِ فَكَذَّبُوهُمَا فَعَزَّزْنَا بِثَالِثٍ فَقَالُوا إِنَّا إِلَيْكُمْ مُرْسَلُونَ  
  3717 2077 1076 405 36:14     When We sent them two, they rejected them; We then strengthened them with a third, they then said; we are messengers dispatched to you.    
        قَالُوا مَا أَنْتُمْ إِلا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُنَا وَمَا أَنْزَلَ الرَّحْمَنُ مِنْ شَيْءٍ إِنْ أَنْتُمْ إِلا تَكْذِبُونَ  
  3718 2078 1077 406 36:15     They said; you are no more than humans like us, and The All Gracious has not revealed anything, you are just liars.   
        قَالُوا رَبُّنَا يَعْلَمُ إِنَّا إِلَيْكُمْ لَمُرْسَلُونَ  
  3719 2079 1078 407 36:16     They said; our Lord knows that we have indeed been sent to you.    
        وَمَا عَلَيْنَا إِلا الْبَلغُ الْمُبِينُ  
  3720 2080 1079 408 935 36:17     And our only mission is to clearly deliver.   
        قَالُوا إِنَّا تَطَيَّرْنَا بِكُمْ لَئِنْ لَمْ تَنْتَهُوا لَنَرْجُمَنَّكُمْ وَلَيَمَسَّنَّكُمْ مِنَّا عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ  
  3721 2081 1080 409 36:18     They said; indeed you are bad omen for us and if you do not refrain, we will surely stone you and inflict upon you a painful suffering.     
        قَالُوا طَئِرُكُمْ مَعَكُمْ أَئِنْ ذُكِّرْتُمْ بَلْ أَنْتُمْ قَوْمٌ مُسْرِفُونَ  
  3722 2082 1081 410 936 36:19     They said; your bad omen is due to yourselves, because you have been reminded but you continue to be transgressing people.     
        وَجَاءَ مِنْ أَقْصَى الْمَدِينَةِ رَجُلٌ يَسْعَى قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اتَّبِعُوا الْمُرْسَلِينَ  
  3723 2083 1082 411 36:20     And a man came running from the far side of the city, saying; O my people follow the messengers.    
        اتَّبِعُوا مَنْ لا يَسَْلُكُمْ أَجْرًا وَهُمْ مُهْتَدُونَ  
  3724 2084 1083 412 36:21     Follow those who do not ask you for any wage and are guided.   
        وَمَا لِيَ لا أَعْبُدُ الَّذِي فَطَرَنِي وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ  
  3725 2085 1084 413 36:22     And why should I not worship the One who initiated me and to Him is my final return.   
        أَأَتَّخِذُ مِنْ دُونِهِ آلِهَةً إِنْ يُرِدْنِ الرَّحْمَنُ بِضُرٍّ لا تُغْنِ عَنِّي شَفَعَتُهُمْ شَيْئًا وَلا يُنْقِذُونِ  
  3726 2086 1085 414 937 36:23     Should I take other gods besides Him? If The All Gracious wills harm for me, their intercession will not benefit me in the least nor can they ever save me.    
        إِنِّي إِذًا لَفِي ضَللٍ مُبِينٍ  
  3727 2087 1086 415 36:24     I will surely end up absolutely astray.   
        إِنِّي آمَنْتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ فَاسْمَعُونِ  
  3728 2088 1087 416 36:25     I have certainly believed in your Lord, therefore hear me out.    
        قِيلَ ادْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ قَالَ يَلَيْتَ قَوْمِي يَعْلَمُونَ  
  3729 2089 1088 417 36:26     He was told; enter Paradise. He said; O I wished my people knew -   
        بِمَا غَفَرَ لِي رَبِّي وَجَعَلَنِي مِنَ الْمُكْرَمِينَ  
  3730 2090 1089 418 36:27     -that my Lord has forgiven me and made me one of the honorable ones.    
        وَمَا أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَى قَوْمِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ مِنْ جُنْدٍ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ وَمَا كُنَّا مُنْزِلِينَ  
  3731 2091 1090 419 36:28     And we did not send down an army from the sky upon his people after him, We definitely did not send it.   
        إِنْ كَانَتْ إِلا صَيْحَةً وَحِدَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ خَمِدُونَ  
  3732 2092 1091 420 938 36:29     All it took was a single thunderous sound whereby they became silent.    
        يَا حَسْرَةً عَلَى الْعِبَادِ مَا يَأْتِيهِمْ مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ  
  3733 2093 1092 421 36:30     How sad for the servants that every time they receive a messenger, they ridicule him.    
        أَلَمْ يَرَوْا كَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُمْ مِنَ الْقُرُونِ أَنَّهُمْ إِلَيْهِمْ لا يَرْجِعُونَ  
  3734 2094 1093 422 939 36:31     Do they not see that We annihilated many generations before them; that for sure they will never come back?     
        وَإِنْ كُلٌّ لَمَّا جَمِيعٌ لَدَيْنَا مُحْضَرُونَ  
  3735 2095 1094 423 36:32     All of them will be summoned before Us.   
        وَآيَةٌ لَهُمُ الأرْضُ الْمَيْتَةُ أَحْيَيْنَهَا وَأَخْرَجْنَا مِنْهَا حَبًّا فَمِنْهُ يَأْكُلُونَ  
  3736 2096 1095 424 36:33     And a sign for them is the dead land that We revive, and We produce therefrom the seed that they eat.    
        وَجَعَلْنَا فِيهَا جَنَّتٍ مِنْ نَخِيلٍ وَأَعْنَبٍ وَفَجَّرْنَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْعُيُونِ  
  3737 2097 1096 425 36:34     And We create therein gardens of date palms and grapes and We cause springs to gush in its midst.    
        لِيَأْكُلُوا مِنْ ثَمَرِهِ وَمَا عَمِلَتْهُ أَيْدِيهِمْ أَفَلا يَشْكُرُونَ  
  3738 2098 1097 426 36:35     This is in order to eat from His fruit and the results of their handiwork. Would you then not be grateful?    
        سُبْحَنَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ الْأَزْوَجَ كُلَّهَا مِمَّا تُنبِتُ الْأَرْضُ وَمِنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَمِمَّا لَا يَعْلَمُونَ  
  3739 2099 1098 427 36:36     Glory to the One who created everything in pairs, from everything that grows out of the ground as well as themselves and that which they do not know.    
        وَآيَةٌ لَهُمُ اللَّيْلُ نَسْلَخُ مِنْهُ النَّهَارَ فَإِذَا هُمْ مُظْلِمُونَ   
  3740 2100 1099 428 940 36:37     And a Sign for them is the night, as We remove the daylight therefrom, then they end up in total darkness.   
        وَالشَّمْسُ تَجْرِي لِمُسْتَقَرٍّ لَّهَا ذَلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ  
  3741 2101 1100 429 36:38     As for the Sun, it floats towards a fixed position designated for her, according to the design of The Almighty, The All Knowing.   
        وَالْقَمَرَ قَدَّرْنَهُ مَنَازِلَ حَتَّى عَادَ كَالْعُرْجُونِ الْقَدِيمِ  
  3742 2102 1101 430 36:39     As for the Moon, We have designed different stations for it, as it returns like an old curved sheath.    
        لا الشَّمْسُ يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تُدْرِكَ الْقَمَرَ وَلا اللَّيْلُ سَابِقُ النَّهَارِ وَكُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ    
  3743 2103 1102 431 36:40     The Sun is never to catch up with the Moon, nor can the night race ahead of the day.  Each floats in a specific orbit.      
        وَآيَةٌ لَهُمْ أَنَّا حَمَلْنَا ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ فِي الْفُلْكِ الْمَشْحُونِ  
  3744 2104 1103 432 941 36:41     Another sign for them is that indeed We carried their progeny on the loaded ark.   
        وَخَلَقْنَا لَهُمْ مِنْ مِثْلِهِ مَا يَرْكَبُونَ     
  3745 2105 1104 433 36:42     And We created for them similar ones on which they ride.  
        وَإِنْ نَشَأْ نُغْرِقْهُمْ فَلا صَرِيخَ لَهُمْ وَلا هُمْ يُنْقَذُونَ  
  3746 2106 1105 434 942 36:43     Had We willed, We could have drowned them; so that neither their screams would have been heard nor would they have been rescued.   
        إِلا رَحْمَةً مِنَّا وَمَتَعًا إِلَى حِينٍ  
  3747 2107 1106 435 36:44     It is only a mercy from Us, and sustenance for a while.  
        وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ اتَّقُوا مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَمَا خَلْفَكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ   
  3748 2108 1107 436 36:45     And when they are told; you should fear deeds of your past and what is awaiting you in the future that you may attain mercy; -    
        وَمَا تَأْتِيهِمْ مِنْ آيَةٍ مِنْ آيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ إِلا كَانُوا عَنْهَا مُعْرِضِينَ  
  3749 2109 1108 437 36:46     -no matter what sign is manifested to them from their Lord's signs, they ignore it.   
        وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ أَنْفِقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمُ اللَّهُ قَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنُطْعِمُ مَنْ لَوْ يَشَاءُ اللَّهُ أَطْعَمَهُ إِنْ أَنْتُمْ إِلا فِي ضَللٍ مُبِينٍ  
  3750 2110 1109 438 1403(2096,2097), 664(949,950) 943 36:47     And when they are told; spend from what God has provided for you, those who are unfaithful say to the faithful, why should we feed those whom God would have fed if He had so willed? You are clearly gone astray.   
        وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَى هَذَا الْوَعْدُ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَدِقِينَ  
  3751 2111 1110 439 36:48     And they say; when will this promise be fulfilled if you are truthful?  
        مَا يَنْظُرُونَ إِلا صَيْحَةً وَحِدَةً تَأْخُذُهُمْ وَهُمْ يَخِصِّمُونَ  
  3752 2112 1111 440 36:49     Before too long, they will be overcome by a single thunderous sound as they are feuding.   
        فَلا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ تَوْصِيَةً وَلا إِلَى أَهْلِهِمْ يَرْجِعُونَ   
  3753 2113 1112 441 36:50     They will have no chance to even make a will, nor will they ever join their family.   
        وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَإِذَا هُمْ مِنَ الأجْدَاثِ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَنْسِلُونَ  
  3754 2114 1113 442 36:51     And the trumpet sounds, whereby they will come out of the graves rushing to their Lord, generation after generation.    
        قَالُوا يَا وَيْلَنَا مَنْ بَعَثَنَا مِنْ مَرْقَدِنَا هَذَا مَا وَعَدَ الرَّحْمَنُ وَصَدَقَ الْمُرْسَلُونَ  
  3755 2115 1114 443 36:52     They say; woe to us, who resurrected us from our tombs? This is what The All Gracious promised, and the messengers were truthful.   
        إِنْ كَانَتْ إِلا صَيْحَةً وَحِدَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ جَمِيعٌ لَدَيْنَا مُحْضَرُونَ  
  3756 2116 1115 444 944 36:53     It will be only a single thunderous sound, whereby they all will be summoned before Us.   
        فَالْيَوْمَ لا تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌ شَيْئًا وَلا تُجْزَوْنَ إِلا مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ  
  3757 2117 1116 445 36:54     Then on that day, no soul will suffer any injustice and you will be repaid exactly for what you did.   
        إِنَّ أَصْحَبَ الْجَنَّةِ الْيَوْمَ فِي شُغُلٍ فَكِهُونَ  
  3758 2118 1117 446 36:55     Indeed the dwellers of Paradise on that day will be happily busy.  
        هُمْ وَأَزْوَجُهُمْ فِي ظِللٍ عَلَى الأرَائِكِ مُتَّكِئُونَ  
  3759 2119 1118 447 36:56     They and their spouses will rest on furnishings in extended shades.    
        لَهُمْ فِيهَا فَكِهَةٌ وَلَهُمْ مَا يَدَّعُونَ  
  3760 2120 1119 448 36:57     Therein will be fruits and everything they desire.  
        سَلمٌ قَوْلا مِنْ رَبٍّ رَحِيمٍ  
  3761 2121 1120 449 36:58     Greetings of peace from an All Merciful Lord.   
        وَامْتَزُوا الْيَوْمَ أَيُّهَا الْمُجْرِمُونَ  
  3762 2122 1121 450 945 36:59      As for you O guilty, you will be set aside on that day.   
        أَلَمْ أَعْهَدْ إِلَيْكُمْ يَا بَنِي آدَمَ أَنْ لا تَعْبُدُوا الشَّيْطَنَ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُبِينٌ  
  3763 2123 1122 451 36:60     Did I not make a covenant with you O Children of Adam that you shall not worship Satan; for indeed he is your most manifest enemy?-  
        وَأَنِ اعْبُدُونِي هَذَا صِرَطٌ مُسْتَقِيمٌ  
  3764 2124 1123 452 946 36:61     And that you shall worship Me, this is the straight path?  
        وَلَقَدْ أَضَلَّ مِنْكُمْ جِبِلا كَثِيرًا أَفَلَمْ تَكُونُوا تَعْقِلُونَ  
  3765 2125 1124 453 36:62     And he has surely misled multitudes of you. Do you not then use your intelligence?  
        هَذِهِ جَهَنَّمُ الَّتِي كُنْتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ  
  3766 2126 1125 454 36:63     This is Gehenna that was promised to you.   
        اصْلَوْهَا الْيَوْمَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْفُرُون                          
  3767 2127 1126 455 36:64     Today it will be your abode, because of your unfaithfulness.    
        الْيَوْمَ نَخْتِمُ عَلَى أَفْوَهِهِمْ وَتُكَلِّمُنَا أَيْدِيهِمْ وَتَشْهَدُ أَرْجُلُهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ  
  3768 2128 1127 456 36:65     On that day, We will seal their mouths and their hands will speak to us, and their feet will bear witness to everything they have done.  
        وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَطَمَسْنَا عَلَى أَعْيُنِهِمْ فَاسْتَبَقُوا الصِّرَطَ فَأَنَّى يُبْصِرُونَ  
  3769 2129 1128 457 36:66     If We willed, We could have certainly veiled their eyes; consequently they would have wandered off without being able to see.     
        وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَمَسَخْنَهُمْ عَلَى مَكَانَتِهِمْ فَمَا اسْتَطَعُوا مُضِيًّا وَلا يَرْجِعُونَ  
  3770 2130 1129 458 947 36:67     And if We willed, We could have transfixed them in their places; so they could not move forward, nor could they go back.  
        وَمَنْ نُعَمِّرْهُ نُنَكِّسْهُ فِي الْخَلْقِ أَفَلا يَعْقِلُونَ  
  3771 2131 1130 459 36:68     And when We grant a long life to any one, We reverse him back to the original creation. Do they not then use their intelligence?  
        وَمَا عَلَّمْنَهُ الشِّعْرَ وَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهُ إِنْ هُوَ إِلا ذِكْرٌ وَقُرْآنٌ مُبِينٌ  
  3772 2132 1131 460 36:69     We did not teach him poetry, nor is it befitting for him to recite one.  It is only a reminder and a profound Quran.    
        لِيُنْذِرَ مَنْ كَانَ حَيًّا وَيَحِقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلَى الْكَفِرِينَ   
  3773 2133 1132 461 36:70     This is to warn those who are alive and to fulfill the truthful promise for the unfaithful.  
        أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّا خَلَقْنَا لَهُمْ مِمَّا عَمِلَتْ أَيْدِينَا أَنْعَمًا فَهُمْ لَهَا مَلِكُونَ  
  3774 2134 1133 462 948 36:71     Do they not see that We created for them from Our handiwork livestock that they own?  
        وَذَلَّلْنَاهَا لَهُمْ فَمِنْهَا رَكُوبُهُمْ وَمِنْهَا يَأْكُلُونَ  
  3775 2135 1134 463 36:72     And We have subdued them for them that they may ride some and some they may eat.   
        وَلَهُمْ فِيهَا مَنَفِعُ وَمَشَارِبُ أَفَلا يَشْكُرُونَ  
  3776 2136 1135 464 949 36:73     And there are benefits for them as well as sources of drink.  Would they not then be grateful?  
        وَاتَّخَذُوا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ آلِهَةً لَعَلَّهُمْ يُنْصَرُونَ  
  3777 2137 1136 465 1404(2098), 665(951) 36:74     And they assumed other gods besides God that they may be helped.  
        لا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ نَصْرَهُمْ وَهُمْ لَهُمْ جُنْدٌ مُحْضَرُونَ   
  3778 2138 1137 466 36:75     They have no power to help them: however, they serve them like obedient soldiers.   
        فَلا يَحْزُنْكَ قَوْلُهُمْ إِنَّا نَعْلَمُ مَا يُسِرُّونَ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ  
  3779 2139 1138 467 36:76     Therefore, do not let their utterances sadden you; We know exactly what they hide and what they declare.   
        أَوَلَمْ يَرَ الإنْسَنُ أَنَّا خَلَقْنَهُ مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ فَإِذَا هُوَ خَصِيمٌ مُبِينٌ  
  3780 2140 1139 468 36:77     Does the human being not see that We indeed created him from semen, then he turns into the most manifest enemy?  
        وَضَرَبَ لَنَا مَثَلا وَنَسِيَ خَلْقَهُ قَالَ مَنْ يُحْيِي الْعِظَمَ وَهِيَ رَمِيمٌ  
  3781 2141 1140 469 36:78     And he cites an example for Us, while forgetting his own creation, he says; who can resurrect the bones after they are rotted?  
        قُلْ يُحْيِيهَا الَّذِي أَنْشَأَهَا أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ خَلْقٍ عَلِيمٌ  
  3782 2142 1141 470 950 36:79     Say; the One who initiated them in the first place will resurrect them and He fully knows every creation.  
        الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمْ مِنَ الشَّجَرِ الأخْضَرِ نَارًا فَإِذَا أَنْتُمْ مِنْهُ تُوقِدُونَ  
  3783 2143 1142 471 36:80     The One who produces fuel for you from the green tree, then you ignite fire therewith.    
        أَوَلَيْسَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَوَتِ وَالأرْضَ بِقَدِرٍعَلَى أَنْ يَخْلُقَ مِثْلَهُمْ بَلَى وَهُوَ الْخَلقُ الْعَلِيمُ  
  3784 2144 1143 472 36:81     Is the One who created the vacua and matter not able to create the likes of them?  Yes indeed, and He is The Creator, The All Knowing.  
        إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُ إِذَا أَرَادَ شَيْئًا أَنْ يَقُولَ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ  
  3785 2145 1144 473 36:82     Indeed, once He decides anything, He simply says to it; "Be", and it is.    
        فَسُبْحَنَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ مَلَكُوتُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ  
  3786 2146 1145 474 951 36:83     Therefore, glory to the One in whose hand is the kingship of all things and to Him you will be returned.